Pediatrics and Neonatology


Pediatrics and Neonatology

Neonatology is a subspecialty of pediatrics that consists of the medical care of newborn infants, especially the ill or premature newborn. It is a hospital-based specialty, and is usually practiced in neonatal intensive care units(NICUs). The principal patients of neonatologists are newborn infants who are ill or require special medical care due to prematuritylow birth weightintrauterine growth restrictioncongenital malformations (birth defects), sepsispulmonary hypoplasia or birth asphyxia.